Headquarters at TVB City
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|Industry||Television Broadcasting; Media and Entertainment|
|Founded||19 November 1967; 55 years ago in Broadcast Drive, Kowloon Tong, British Hong Kong|
|Headquarters||77 Chun Choi Street, |
Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, China
|Cantonese Language Markets (Worldwide)|
|Thomas Hui (Chairman & Non-Executive Director)|
Li Ruigang (Non-Executive Director)
Eric Tsang (General Manager)
|Products||TVB Jade, TVB Pearl, TVB Anywhere, MyTV Super, TVBS, TVBNews, TVB.com, TVB Publishing, TVBUSA, TVB8, TVB.cn|
|Revenue||HK$2.5 billion (2022)|
|-HK$0.8 billion (2022)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Clear Water Bay Land Company Limited|
Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB) is a television broadcasting company based in Hong Kong SAR. The Company operates five free-to-air terrestrial television channels in Hong Kong, with TVB Jade as its main Cantonese language service, and TVB Pearl as its main English service. TVB is headquartered at TVB City at the Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate.
TVB commenced broadcasting on November 19, 1967. The Company was incorporated on July 26, 1965 and was co-founded by Sir Run Run Shaw, who was Chairman from 1980 đồ sộ 2011, together with Sir Douglas Clague and Harold Lee Hsiao-wo of the Lee Hysan family. When TVB first began broadcasting it was commonly known and promoted as "Wireless Television" (無綫電視) in Chinese đồ sộ distinguish it from the then cable television broadcaster, Rediffusion Television (麗的呼聲), which later became ATV (亞洲電視). It is still usually referred đồ sộ with that name, although ATV later switched đồ sộ "wireless" (free-to-air) broadcasting as well.
TVB is known primarily for its dramas, and produces the Miss Hong Kong and Miss Chinese International pageants. It has historically been the leading television broadcaster in Hong Kong.
The government mix up a working buổi tiệc nhỏ in the early 1960s đồ sộ study the idea of setting up a second television station in Hong Kong, where the only television at that time was the wired, subscription-supported Rediffusion Television. There was debate as đồ sộ whether the second station should be mix up as a Crown corporation, lượt thích the BBC; a purely commercial enterprise; or a combination of the two. Another challenge lắc in procuring enough nội dung for the new station. In 1962, Director of Information Services J. L. Murray stated that while English programming could be purchased from other countries, "no country is producing a mass of suitable pre-recorded material in Chinese". Even though Hong Kong was already regarded as a centre for film production, it was considered a challenge đồ sộ source enough Chinese-language nội dung for another television station, as most of it would need đồ sộ be produced in Hong Kong.
Regardless, there was commercial interest in the concept. A government franchise for a new wireless (free-to-air) television station was opened for tenders on 6 February 1965 and closed on 6 August 1965. On 25 January 1966 it was announced that Television Broadcasts Limited had won the franchise.
The new Television Broadcasts Limited station on Broadcast Drive in Kowloon Tong, Kowloon was officially opened by Governor David Trench on 19 November 1967. The governor spoke of the potential for television đồ sộ better society, stating that the new station would play a significant role in "helping and enlighting our people", calling television "one of the most potent means of disseminating information there is".
The first images shown on the station were a live transmission of the Macau Grand Prix, which began broadcasting at 9:00 am that day and was interrupted by footage of the opening of the new station. The first colour broadcast was then made, a feature called "London Calling Hongkong" which constituted greetings from former governors Alexander Grantham and Robert Black. Following this was a piano recital by Chiu Yee-ha, who had also performed at the opening of the Hong Kong City Hall.
The new station broadcast both Cantonese-language and English-language channels. The Cantonese channel, called TVB Jade, began regular service on 4:30 pm that day on Channel 21, while the English service (TVB Pearl) began at 6:00 pm on Channel 25. The inaugural programming lineup included Enjoy Yourself Tonight, a Chinese language variety show, and Meet The Press, an English current affairs programme.
Hong Kong's mountainous topography posed a challenge đồ sộ TVB, which was Hong Kong's first television station broadcast wirelessly, using a terrestrial television transmitter instead of a complex coaxial cable network. A network of transmitters, built atop various mountains, helped provide coverage đồ sộ the territory. The main transmitter was built at Temple Hill, above Kowloon, đồ sộ reach most of the main populated centre of Hong Kong as well as parts of the New Territories. Two broadcast relay stations were came into operation on 15 May 1968: one at Lamma Island expanded coverage đồ sộ Pok Fu Lam, Aberdeen, Repulse Bay, and parts of Stanley, while another at Castle Peak covered Tuen Mun, Yuen Long, and Ping Shan.
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A third booster station, located on Cloudy Hill, was activated in June 1968 and brought TVB reception đồ sộ Fanling, Taipo, and Sheung Shui.
- TVB receives praise for its programming from a wide range of demographics, including the middle class, as was the case with its 2004 historical drama series War and Beauty. Its programme line-up features a steady stream of soap operas, variety shows and other populist fare.
- TVB has been criticised for signing exclusive contracts with many local celebrities which restrict them from appearing on other local television stations. Hong Kong's Cable T.V. claims it is unfair competition (although Asia Television, another major television station in Hong Kong, disagrees). In fact, many artists tự not have exclusive contracts with TVB and are không tính tiền đồ sộ show up in programmes produced by other local television stations or out-sourcing production houses.
- The annual TVB Music Awards ceremony is one of the biggest for Cantopop personalities. It is widely rumoured that TVB distributes the awards đồ sộ those who are obedient đồ sộ the company's demands, and the Independent Commission Against Corruption has investigated the arrangement of the awards. It ruled that three TVB staff members under scrutiny were not guilty. Afterwards, TVB reformed its music programmes in a bid đồ sộ reestablish their authority.
- On the other hand, TVB was awarded the National Association of Broadcasters's (NAB) International Broadcasting Excellence Award in 2001. The award recognised the company's outstanding contributions đồ sộ the community through a wide range of charitable programmes and activities. Hong Kong thus becomes the first thành phố in Asia đồ sộ receive this prestigious award in this area.
- In 2005, TVB, in association with the Hong Kong Jockey Club, organised the biggest fund-raising chiến dịch in the company's history in response đồ sộ South-East Asia's devastating tsunami. It raised over one hundred million Hong Kong Dollars đồ sộ assist those affected.
- In 2000, TVB nước Australia was established for the Australian market with a 17 channel (14 Chinese and 3 Vietnamese Channel) satellite service. Which has over 25,000 households and over 1,500 commercial outlets with an audience of over 130,000 daily.
- From 31 March 2008, TVBS-Europe launched their "Multi-channel" package in Europe. It consists of 5 different channels which include the existing TVBS-Europe Channel plus the addition of TVBN, TVB Entertainment News, TVB Classic and TVB Lifestyle.
TVB was originally located on Broadcast Drive in Kowloon Tong, and was neighbours with RTHK and ATV. By the late 1980s, the company had out-grown the facility at Broadcast Drive, and built a new studio complex, named T.V. City, at 220 Clear Water Bay Road in November 1988. The first TVB City was in fact the old Shaw Movie Town complex used by Shaw Brothers since 1958. The old Broadcast Drive headquarters was later converted into apartments. The first TVB City is now used by Celestial Pictures.
To cope with future development and expansion, TVB began planning in 1998 đồ sộ develop a replacement facility at the Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate. The new HK$2.2 billion TVB City came into full operation in October 2003. The new headquarters are built on by far the largest piece of land ever leased by the then Hong Kong Industrial Estates Corporation and the first service-providing company in the area. It has a building area of over 110,000 square metres, 30% more phàn nàn that of the previous facilities at Clear Water Bay. Studio 1 in TVB City, which can seat an audience of six hundred and thirty, is the largest television production studio among commercial television stations in Asia.
TVB broadcasts several news programmes, such as News at 6:30 (Jade) and News at 7:30 (Pearl). It also operates its own news channel, TVBN. (Chinese: TVB新聞台; Cantonese Yale: TVB san man toi) and TVBN2 (Chinese: TVB新聞2台; Cantonese Yale: TVB san man ji toi), through TVB Network Vision (Chinese: 無綫網絡電視; Cantonese Yale: mou sin sau fai din si).
Notable shows from TVB
- Enjoy Yourself Tonight or EYT (1967–1994), a long-running variety show which has been compared with the American Saturday Night Live.
- The Bund (1980), starring Chow Yun-fat. The drama was a success throughout Asia, inspiring several television and film adaptations.
- The Legend of the Condor Heroes (1983), a serial adaptation of Louis Cha's wuxia novel of the same name, starring Felix Wong and Barbara Yung.
- The Return of the Condor Heroes (1983), sequel đồ sộ The Legend of the Condor Heroes, is a serial adaptation of Louis Cha's wuxia novel of the same name, starring Andy Lau and Idy Chan.
- Looking Back in Anger (1989), is a tragic serial drama starring Felix Wong, Deric Wan, and Carina Lau. It is the most-watched Hong Kong drama in the Greater Trung Quốc region.
- The Greed of Man (1992), starring Adam Cheng and Sean Lau. Its original broadcast heavily impacted international stockbrokers, creating the phenomenon known as the Ting Hai effect.
- The File of Justice series (1992–1997) was a popular legal drama series, spanning five seasons. It is regarded by some as the Hong Kong version of the American Law & Order.
- A Kindred Spirit (1995–1999), the second longest-running drama series in Hong Kong television history.
- Super Trio Series (1995–2023), a popular variety game show.
- Journey đồ sộ the West (1996) was one of the few TVB Jade programmes đồ sộ be dubbed in English and rebroadcast on TVB Pearl.
- Old Time Buddy (1997), a comedy-drama that satires Hong Kong's filming industry in the 1960s. It was the first drama đồ sộ win "Best Drama" at the inaugural TVB Anniversary Awards.
- Secret of the Heart (1998), a soap opera that popularised relationship triangles in serial dramas.
- The Armed Reaction series (1998–2004) was a popular crime drama series dealing with discrimination women face within the police force. The series spanned five seasons with the latest Armed Reaction 2021.
- The Healing Hands series (1998–2005) was a popular medical drama series known for its remarkable medical accuracy. It is commonly known as Hong Kong's version of America's ER. The first season yielded "Best Drama" award in 1998.
- At the Threshold of an Era (1999–2000) is an epic drama featuring a large ensemble cast. It is TVB's second most expensive drama đồ sộ date.
- War of the Genders (2000), a sitcom starring Carol Cheng and Dayo Wong, is considered by many as TVB's most critically acclaimed sitcom. It held the title as TVB's highest-rated drama (49 points) until the broadcast of Korea's Jewel in the Palace in 2005. Cheng won "Best Actress" for her role.
- Virtues of Harmony (2001–2005) is one of the longest running sitcoms in Hong Kong, yielding two seasons – a historical costume series with a modern-day spin-off.
- Square Pegs (2003), a drama serial starring Roger Kwok, depicts the life of a mentally-retarded young man. It received an average viewership rating of 37 points, the highest in TVB's broadcast history. Kwok also won "Best Actor" for his role. A second series was released in 2005, yielding Kwok his second "Best Actor" award.
- Triumph in the Skies (2003) and Triumph in the Skies II (2013), a drama series revolving around the staff and pilots working for Solar Airways, a fictional version of Cathay Pacific. Triumph in the Skies was also adapted into a motion picture.
- War and Beauty (2004), a costume drama serial that focuses on four concubines of the Jiaqing Emperor. The series popularised historical palace harem dramas.
- Moonlight Resonance (2008), the sister production of Heart of Greed (2007). The drama peaked đồ sộ 50 points, one of the highest in Hong Kong television history.
- EU (2009), the third season of The Academy series. Michael Tse's character, Laughing Gor, inspired one film spin-off and one sequel television series.
- Rosy Business (2009), award-winning costume drama, swept the 2009 TVB Anniversary Awards in almost all major categories.
- Beyond the Realm of Conscience (2009), a costume period drama that peaked đồ sộ 50 points, one of the highest in Hong Kong television history.
- When Heaven Burns (2011), "Best Drama" winner at the 2012 TVB Anniversary Awards. Despite its critical acclaim, it is one of the lowest-rated series in television history. The last few episodes were also banned in Mainland Trung Quốc due đồ sộ references of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
- Line Walker (2014), a crime drama that spawned teo film sequel and a television series prequel Line Walker: The Prelude (2017) and sequel Line Walker: Bull Fight (2020). It is the most-viewed Hong Kong drama in Mainland Trung Quốc, with over 2 billion views on Youku. It has also created a 2 episode game show called Line Walker Hunting Game (2017).
- A Fist Within Four Walls (2016), a martial arts drama mix in Kowloon Walled City that won Best TVB Drama at all the award presentations, with many of the cast from A Fist Within Four Walls winning awards. It swept the TVB năm nhâm thìn Award Presentation with 5 awards: My Favourite TVB Female Character, My Favourite TVB Male Character, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Drama Series.
- Come trang chủ Love: Lo and Behold (2017), another long running TV series that revolves around a middle-class family and an affluent family. Due đồ sộ the sensational ratings, at the beginning of 2020, the drama is decided đồ sộ be aired every day at 20:00 đồ sộ 20:30.
- Legal Mavericks (2017) Swept TVB Starhub Awards 2017
On 11 March 2010, the general manager Stephen Chan Chi Wan and four others were arrested on corruption charges by the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). TVB confirmed that three of their employees were involved, and that their duties and work had been suspended pending further development. Stephen Chan Chi Wan was charged with corruption in September 2010 with TVB declining đồ sộ comment on the situation. Stephen Chan and his co-accused were acquitted by a court in September 2011.
Controversy and criticism
Since the 2000 June 4 rally, TVB has been increasingly criticised for its pro-China bias. Netizens of HKGolden and LIHKG have called it "CCTVB", as a reference đồ sộ China's state-controlled broadcaster CCTV.
During the năm trước and 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, TVB's programmes, most especially its news reports were accused of providing biased coverage of the protests, with a pro-China slant. As a result of public boycotts, numerous brands officially pulled out of advertising contracts with TVB, including Pocari Sweat and Pizza Hut.
A group of TVB shareholders issued a public letter addressed đồ sộ the Board of Directors of TVB in 2023, accusing TVB of misleading its shareholders on the official name of the company that holds executive power; investment failure in SMI and State Reserve Energy Bonds, which resulted in a loss of $HK1bn for the company. It also questioned the company’s investment on its eCommerce platform “Ztore” as the online platform requires improvement and investment in logistics and warehouse, “Sales of ‘Ztore’ increased as it placed a lot of ads on TVB, however this might result in huge loss for TVB.
On 29 June 2018, the South Trung Quốc Morning Post quoted insider information that TVBI and the Broadcast Operation Department had laid off 100 people for two consecutive days. By July, a cutdown by 30 in the sports department was announced, leaving only 5 people. The long-established show "Sports World" aired its final episode on 7 July 2018. myTV SUPER sports channel will over on 15 August. By July, the "Hong Kong Animation Information Network" Facebook page stated that the dubbing group of about 70 people had been cut đồ sộ 4, and there would be large-scale layoffs. Netizens expressed anger at this.
TVB's General Manager Shin Keong Cheong said he did not renew his contract and denied the layoffs. By August, in the interim results of TV broadcasting, the print version of TVB Weekly had been suspended and switched đồ sộ an online version. The TVB8 and TVB Galaxy websites serving overseas ceased service in September 2018. MyTV Super's TVB Sports Channel and live news station had also stopped broadcasting with the TVB Travel Channel. It is reported that TVB will lắc off 800 people. On 5 October, the same year, TVB announced the reduction of about 150 employees from TVB Weekly, the Production Coordination Department, the Arts Division and non-drama productions, which took effect on the same day. The layoffs included at least one producer and two directors of "Pleasure & Leisure".
In December 2019, Pro-government broadsheet Sing Tao Daily reported that TVB's current chairman, Charles Chan, is about đồ sộ withdraw from his shares and intends đồ sộ resign as chairman đồ sộ leave TV Broadcasting Co., Ltd. On 16 December, Chief Executive Mark Lee issued an internal notice stating that about 350 employees would be cut, accounting for about 10% of the company's remaining employees. Following this, on trăng tròn December, more phàn nàn 50 behind-the-scenes staff members were fired, most of them from the variety show and the information, cultural and educational departments. On trăng tròn January 2020, Charles Chan finally resigned as the chairman of the TVB board and as a non-executive director, and will sell all television broadcasting shares.
In 2023, a survey by The Communications Authority showed that some viewers said TVB's reality shows kept up with the current trend and the nội dung was interesting, some said that its dramas and variety shows were repetitive in nội dung, lacking creativity and were not appealing đồ sộ viewers. In addition, some said there were too many programmes on Greater Bay Area (GBA) which were boring. Some audience was annoyed by the excessive use of product placements in programmes lượt thích “Scoop” (東張西望) and “Come trang chủ Love: Lo And Behold” (愛·回家之開心速遞). Indirect advertising of “Big Big Shop” was also considered excessive. There were also views concerning TVB often broadcast programmes with political stances, advertised products of companies in which TVB had an interest and made use of its TV platform for marketing. There was also suggestion that TVB News Channel should be terminated.
Hong Kong Free-to-air
- TVB Finance, Sports & Information Channel
- TVB Jade
- TVB J2
- TVB News Channel
- TVB Pearl
TVB Network Vision ceased its service since 1 June 2017, and the OTT platform named MyTV SUPER (expanded from MyTV and GOTV) replace TVB Network Vision đồ sộ provide the paid television service. In addition, the company name of "TVB Network Vision" became "Big Big Channel".
- Asian Select
- Asian Variety
- Chinese Drama
- Chinese Opera Channel
- Classic Movies
- Entertainment News
- Jade Catch Up
- Japanese Drama
- Korean Drama
- TVB Classic
- TVB Radio
- TVBN 2
- Asian kích hoạt Channel
- Hub Cantonese on Demand (Co-owned with Starhub; Singapore only)
- Hub Drama First (Starhub, Singapore only)
- Fairchild TV (20% ownership; co-owned with Fairchild Group)
- Jadeworld (USA)
- TVB Chinese Opera Channel (International version)
- TVB Entertainment News (International version)
- TVB Jade (International version)
- TVB Korea Channel
- TVB News Channel (International version)
- TVB Finance, Sports & Information Channel (International version)
- TVB Vietnam (Vietnam only, owned by SCTV9)
- TVB Xing He (Asia & Thailand version only)
- TVB Jade Southeast Asia (Malaysia & Singapore)
- Hub VV Drama (Starhub, Singapore only; Selected TVB Drama in Mandarin dubbed)
Co-owned with Astro:
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- Asian kích hoạt Channel
- Astro AOD HD
- Astro Wah Lai Toi On Demand
- TVB Classic Malaysia
- TVB Jade Southeast Asia
- TVB Xing He
- TVB Magic
- TVB Drama Thai Channel (V2H8)
- List of Chinese companies
- List of Hong Kong companies
- TVB News
- ^ C.R. No:0011781（Television Broadcasts Limited）—The Cyber Search Centre of the Integrated Companies Registry Information System
- ^ "When Hong Kong was a colour TV pioneer, 26 November năm nhâm thìn, Post Magazine". 26 November 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
- ^ Chow, Vivienne (29 March 2015). "Wong Ching, the leading man in ATV's sorry drama". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- ^ "Farewell ATV as its survival fight ends". The Standard. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- ^ "ATV, World's Oldest Chinese TV Channel, Closes Down". Variety. 2 April 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- ^ "Possibility of new T.V. station in Hongkong". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. 7 June 1962. p. 1.
- ^ "Wireless TV franchise". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. 26 January 1966. p. 1.
- ^ a b c "Governor opens television station: Stresses importance of enlightening people". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. trăng tròn November 1967. p. 6.
- ^ "Gift for first baby born on Sunday". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. 15 November 1967. p. 7.
- ^ "HK-TVB building booster transmitters". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. 16 February 1968. p. 7.
- ^ "Wide coverage of HK-TVB's translators". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. 29 June 1968. p. 16.
- ^ "New translator station". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. 4 June 1968. p. 5.
- ^ "Stars arrested over 'rigged' awards". Đài truyền hình BBC. 17 July 2003. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
- ^ "舞影行動終止 何麗全曾國強陳家倫慶清白" (in Chinese). 金羊網. 21 January 2005. Retrieved 11 June 2007.
- ^ "NAB International Broadcasting Excellence Award". National Association of Broadcasters. Archived from the original on 8 November 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- ^ Chinese Channel trang chủ Page
- ^ [ShawMovieTown Shaw Brothers History]
- ^ "Grand Opening of Television Broadcasts Limited's TVB City A Significant Milestone of the Broadcasting and Production Industry in Hong Kong". TVB. 10 December 2003. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
- ^ MAK, Adrian Yau Kee (11 March 2010). "Announcement" (PDF). Television Broadcasts Limited. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- ^ "TVB quấn cleared in corruption case". RTHK. 2 September 2011. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- ^ "反送中》親中港媒TVB堅稱立場中立 員工：火上加油 - 國際 - 自由時報電子報". 自由電子報 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). 15 July 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- ^ 黃梓恒 (12 June 2019). "【逃犯條例】宋芝齡為警察喝采 跟網民罵戰：你點知我睇緊CCTVB". 香港01 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Retrieved 21 July 2019.
- ^ Hong, Jinshan (10 July 2019). "Hong Kong Broadcaster Accused of Pro-Beijing Protests Coverage". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- ^ Yuen, Simon (10 July 2019). "Brands withdraw ads from TVB in possible reaction đồ sộ HK extradition bill coverage". Marketing Interactive. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- ^ "Taking sides in Hong Kong's protests presents opportunities for firms, Taking sides in Hong Kong's protests presents opportunities for firms". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- ^ "Pocari Sweat among advertisers ditching Hong Kong's TVB over claims of biased coverage". South Trung Quốc Morning Post. 10 July 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- ^ "TVB defends itself against accusations of mismanagement and indebtedness". Marketing-Interactive. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
- ^ "Survey: HK viewers slam TVB for lacking creativity in programmes, excessive boy groups exposure on ViuTV". Marketing-Interactive. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
- ^ https://www.tvbnetworkvision.com/tc/[bare URL]
- ^ "New TVB Magic channel (Ch 124) launch on Astro" (Press release). 14 June 2023. Retrieved 19 June 2023.
- Official website (in Chinese)
- YouTube -TVB (official) (in Chinese)
- Facebook -TVB (official) (in Chinese)
- Instagram -TVB (official) (in Chinese)
- YouTube -TVB 綜藝 (in Chinese)
- Facebook -TVB 綜藝 (in Chinese)
- Instagram -TVB 綜藝 (in Chinese)
- "List of Directors and their Roles and Functions announced on trăng tròn May 2015" (PDF). TVB. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Hong Kong's TV and Film Publication Database, a full collection of "TV Week", the official TVB magazines published between 1967 and 1997. Developed by HKBU Library