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"Angora cat" redirects here. For the breed formerly known as British Angora, see Oriental Longhair.
Turkish Angora mèo at the Atatürk Forest Farm and Zoo in Ankara. The zoo breeds and sells Turkish Angora cats.
|Domestic cat (Felis catus)|
The Turkish Angora (Turkish: Ankara kedisi, 'Ankara cat') is a breed of domestic mèo. Turkish Angoras are one of the ancient, natural breeds of mèo, having originated in central Anatolia (Ankara Province in modern-day Turkey). The breed has been documented as early as the 17th century. Outside of the United States, the breed is usually referred to tát as simply the Angora or Ankara cat. These cats have slender and elegant bodies. In the winter they are perfectly camouflaged in the snow.
Like all domestic cats, Turkish Angoras descended from the African wildcat (Felis lybica). Their ancestors were among the cats that were first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent.
Longhaired cats were imported to tát Britain and France from Asia Minor, Persia and Russia as early as the late 16th century. The Turkish Angora was recognised as a distinct breed in Europe by the 17th century. However, there is a strong connection between Angoras and Persians. Charles Catton, in the 1788 book Animals Drawn from Nature and Engraved in Aqua-tinta, gave "Persian cat" and "Angora cat" as alternative names for the same breed.
The Persian mèo was developed from Turkish Angora mutations by British and American mèo breeders. In 1903, Frances Simpson wrote in The Book of the Cat:
In classing all long-haired cats as Persians I may be wrong, but the distinctions, apparently with hardly any difference, between Angoras and Persians are of ví fine a nature that I must be pardoned if I ignore the class of mèo commonly called Angora, which seems gradually to tát have disappeared from our midst. Certainly, at our large shows there is no special classification given for Angoras, and in response to tát many inquiries from animal fanciers I have never been able to tát obtain any definite information as to tát the difference between a Persian and an Angora.
The Angora of the 20th century was used for improvement in the Persian coat, but the type has always been divergent from the Persian – particularly as the increasingly flat-faced show mèo Persian has been developed in the last few decades.
In the early 20th century, Atatürk Forest Farm and Zoo began a breeding program to tát protect and preserve pure white Angoras. The zoo particularly prised odd-eyed specimens; however, the cats were chosen only for their colour – no other criterion was applied.
The Turkish Angora, which was brought to tát Canada in 1963, was accepted as a championship pedigreed breed in 1973 by the Cat Fanciers' Association. However, until 1978 only white Angoras were recognised. Today, all North American registries accept the Turkish Angora in many colours and patterns. While their numbers are still relatively small, the gen pool is continually growing.
Turkish Angoras have short, soft coats, and elegant, sinuous bodies. A young Turkish Angora may be mistaken for a snow weasel. Though it is known for a shimmery white coat and posh tail, Turkish Angoras can display a variety of coat colours. They come in tabby, đen sì, chocolate, and smoke-coloured varieties.
Eyes may be xanh lơ, green, amber, yellow, as well as heterochromatic. Ears are pointed, large and wide-set. The eyes are almond shaped and the profile forms two straight planes. The plumed tail is often carried upright, perpendicular to tát the back.
Turkish Angoras are playful, intelligent, athletic and involved. They bond with humans, but often select a particular thành viên of a family to tát be their constant companion, whom they are very protective of. They seek to tát be "helpful" in any way they can with their humans, and their intelligence can be at times remarkable, showing basic problem solving skills. They are easily trained because of their intelligence and desire to tát interact with humans.
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Turkish Angoras are energetic, and often seek out "high ground" in the trang chủ. This perch is then used as a way to tát observe activity of the trang chủ. This can include tops of doors, refrigerators, bookshelves, and other furniture. Some ride on their owners' shoulders. Most get along well in homes with other animals or children, or homes with high activity.
The gen responsible for the deaf white mèo occurrence is present in most Turkish Angoras.
Some Turkish Angora kittens suffer from hereditary ataxia, a rare condition thought to tát be inherited as an autosomal recessive. The kittens affected by ataxia start showing signs of the condition at around 3 - 4 weeks, have shaky movements with lack of coordination, and vì thế not survive to tát adulthood.
Another genetic illness that is rare but known to tát the breed is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is a cardiac condition usually found in cats between the ages of two and six, with males being affected more commonly and more severely than thở females. In the Turkish Angora, the disease has not yet been studied at length, primarily due to tát its rarity of occurrence.
Turkish-type mèo in Ankara Zoo
Western-type Grand Champion show cat
Breeders in Turkey feel that the cat's fine-boned version of its natural breed is unrepresentative of the true Turkish cats, which are much sturdier. American "Turkish" Angoras have only a minimal remnant of the original Atatürk Forest Farm and Zoo DNA, and are only "purebred on paper".[self-published source?]
A genetic study of pedigree mèo breeds (using DNA taken from pedigreed cats in the U.S. and Europe) and worldwide random-bred populations showed the Turkish Van as a distinct population from the Turkish Angora despite their geographical association. The Turkish Angora was grouped with the pedigreed Egyptian Mau and random-bred Tunisian cats. Turkish random-bred cats were grouped with Israeli random-bred cats while the Turkish Van was grouped with Egyptian random-bred cats. However, the UC Davis studied only American mèo fancy registered Angoras rather than thở the "true" Turkish Angora or Ankara Kedisi directly from Turkey, and especially from the Ankara Zoo.
A genetic study published in 2012 included a few cats imported from Turkey. The study found that "Turkish- versus USA-originating Turkish Angoras (...) are resolved as separate breed populations." The American Turkish Angoras are categorised as descendants of European random-bred cats, and cats imported from Turkey "were assigned to tát the Eastern Mediterranean" group.
In popular culture
Mewsette, the protagonist of Warner Bros. and United Productions of America's 1962 animated feature film Gay Purr-ee is a Turkish Angora.
Duchess, the protagonist of Walt Disney Pictures's 1970 animated feature film The Aristocats is also a Turkish Angora and ví is her kitten daughter, Marie.
Sawyer, one of the protagonists of Warner Bros.' 1997 animated feature film, Cats Don't Dance is an anthropomorphic Turkish Angora.
Father John Misty recorded the tuy vậy "Goodbye Mr Blue" on his 2022 Album Chloë and the Next 20th Century about the life and death of a Turkish Angora and how it related to tát the loss of another relationship.
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- ^ "Atatürk Forest Farm Zoo". ankarazoo.gov.tr. Ankara Zoo. Retrieved 17 September 2011.[permanent dead link]
- ^ Loeschke, S. (November 1997). "Turkish Angoras in Ankara Zoo... or on the road investigating the Turkish Angora". erkr.de. S. Loeschke. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
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- ^ Catton, Charles (1788). "The Persian Cat, Plate 8". Animals drawn from Nature and engraved in aqua-tinta. I. and J. Taylor.
- ^ Simpson, Frances (1902-02-01). "The Book Of The Cat". Cassell. Retrieved 2013-01-26 – via Chest of Books.[page needed]
- ^ "Ankara'nın evcil hazineleri: Ankara kedisi". Kedici.com.tr. 2011-02-24. Archived from the original on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- ^ a b "History". CFA Turkish Angora Breed Council. Retrieved 2023-09-11.
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- ^ a b c Shojai, Amy (1997). For the Love of Cats. Lincolnwood, Illinois: Publications International, Ltd. pp. 108–109. ISBN 0-7853-1411-3.
- ^ a b "Turkish Angora: Breed Standard Point Score" (PDF). CFA inc. Cat Fanciers Association. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
- ^ "Breed Profile: The Turkish Angora". Archived from the original on 5 August 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- ^ "hosca-kal.de". Hosca-kal.de. Archived from the original on 21 July 2006. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
- ^ "Turkish Angora Fanciers International;". Retrieved 2022-10-11.
- ^ "Turkish Angora". Of Cats. 2008-06-17. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- ^ a b Hartwell, Sarah. "The Domestication of the Cat". Messybeast. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
- ^ a b Hartwell, Sarah. "THE TANGLED TALE OF THE TURKISH ANGORA". messybeast.com. Retrieved 2023-09-11.
- ^ Lipinski, Monika J.; Froenicke, Lutz; Baysac, Kathleen C.; Billings, Nicholas C.; Leutenegger, Christian M.; Levy, Alon M.; Longeri, Maria; Niini, Tirri; Ozpinar, Haydar (2008). "The ascent of mèo breeds: Genetic evaluations of breeds and worldwide random-bred populations". Genomics. 91 (1): 12–21. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2007.10.009. PMC 2267438. PMID 18060738.
- ^ a b c Kurushima, J. D.; Lipinski, M. J.; Gandolfi, B.; Froenicke, L.; Grahn, J. C.; Grahn, R. A.; Lyons, L. A. (2012). "Variation of cats under domestication: Genetic assignment of domestic cats to tát breeds and worldwide random-bred populations". Animal Genetics. 44 (3): 311–24. doi:10.1111/age.12008. PMC 3594446. PMID 23171373.
- ^ Songfacts. "Goodbye Mr. Blue by Father John Misty - Songfacts". www.songfacts.com. Retrieved 2022-09-14.
- The Real Turkish Angora
- The Cat Fanciers' Association: Breed description – Turkish Angora
- Fanciers: Turkish Angora
- Video on YouTube